Dental problems are common among children and teenagers. Unfortunately, many people don’t know how to deal with them, so they end up causing more damage. This article will discuss the five most common dental problems among children and teenagers and how to deal with them. But first, let’s discuss how the oral health of children and teenagers continues to mature throughout the years.
Oral Health of Children and Teenagers
Children and teenagers experience various changes in their oral health as they grow. Some of these changes are due to the eruption of new teeth, while others result from hormone changes.
The first teeth to erupt are usually the central incisors, which appear around six months old. The next teeth are the lateral incisors, followed by the first molars. Canines and second molars typically erupt around age nine, and by age thirteen or fourteen, all permanent teeth should be in place.
During puberty, hormonal changes can cause a variety of dental problems. One of the most common is gum disease.
Both children and teenagers experience hormonal imbalances during puberty. These imbalances can cause an increase in the amount of plaque and bacteria in the mouth, which can lead to gum disease.
Gum disease is an infection of the gums that can damage the soft tissue and bone that support the teeth. If left untreated, it can lead to tooth loss.
If your child has gum disease, contact your dentist immediately. They will perform a clinical exam and may order X-rays to determine the severity of the infection. Treatment will vary depending on the severity of the infection but may include antibiotics, deep cleanings, or surgery.
To prevent gum disease, have your child brush and floss regularly and see the dentist for regular check-ups.
Cavities are another common dental problem caused by hormonal changes during puberty. The increase in hormones can cause a decrease in saliva production, which can lead to a dry mouth.
A dry mouth is a condition in which there is not enough saliva to keep the mouth moist. This can cause an increase in bacteria, which can lead to cavities.
If your child has cavities, their dentist will fill them with unique tooth-colored material. To prevent cavities, have your child brush and floss regularly and drink plenty of water. See the dentist for regular check-ups and cleanings.
Children experience the shedding of their baby teeth and the eruption of their permanent teeth during their teen years. These are exceptionally normal and do not require additional treatment. However, teenagers experience permanent tooth loss due to physical accidents. Thankfully, most teenagers can undergo tooth replacement procedures. These procedures are often very successful and can restore the beauty of your child’s smile.
Schedule an appointment with your dentist if you think your child may have lost a permanent tooth. They will examine the area and recommend the best course of treatment. If the tooth is recovered, it can be put back in, given that it’s within two hours of the incident. If not, then tooth replacement must be done.
Enamel erosion is another dental problem caused by hormonal changes during puberty. It can also be due to children’s and teenagers’ unhealthy diets. The increase in hormones can cause an increase in acid production, which can lead to enamel erosion.
Enamel erosion is a condition in which the tooth’s enamel, or outer layer, wears away. This can make the teeth more sensitive to decay.
If your child has enamel erosion, their dentist will recommend treatment based on the severity of the condition. Treatment may include fluoride treatments, sealants, or bonding. To prevent enamel erosion, have your child brush and floss regularly and see the dentist for regular check-ups and cleanings.
Teeth grinding or bruxism is a common dental problem in children and teenagers. It is often caused by stress or anxiety. Bruxism can lead to dental problems, including enamel erosion, gum disease, and tooth loss.
The most common treatment includes mouthguards, stress management, or therapy. Mouthguards can protect the teeth from damage and help to reduce grinding. Stress management and therapy both address the underlying reason for bruxism. This can be more effective than treatment that only addresses the symptoms.
If your child grinds their teeth, make an appointment with their dentist. They will likely recommend one or more of the above treatments.
These are five dental problems common to children and teenagers. If you think your child may have any of these conditions, immediately make an appointment with their dentist. Early diagnosis and treatment can help to prevent further damage to their teeth and gums.